Has Our Independence Met Its Promise?


By Martin K. N. Kollie

The Perspective
Atlanta, Georgia
July 15, 2015



Long before the declaration of our Independence in 1847, the freedom of our forebears to dictate their own political and economic destiny was under hostage.  For 25 unbroken years, the sovereignty and self-governance of a land which would later be known as Liberia was determined by an International Non-Governmental Organization (INGO) called the American Colonization Society.

After several years of hard labor and inhumane treatment in the United States, the chain of slavery was finally untied from the hands and legs of black slaves. In 1822, a new territory in Africa call Liberia was founded by the ACS to accommodate freed black slaves. I can imagine how though it was for these settlers to safely sail on a dark continent like Africa. Even though it was difficult traveling long distances, but nothing could easily bend their determination from seeking refuge in a new home where freedom was accessible.

On February 6, 1821, the first batch of 88 immigrants left New York and harbored in Liberia. This was a new beginning of establishing a young nation. Upon the arrival of these settlers, they met indigenous occupants on ground with unique cultural pattern and values. Americo-Liberians were gently given an olive branch by original owners of this soil at the time. As a result of indigenous’ kindness and generosity, Americo-Liberians had breathing space to co-exist on the Providence Island.    

After few months, the interest of these strangers grew larger. Their quest for expansion became a paramount priority. The memory of slavery was still fresh on their minds. As a result, they had no intention to unite with those they met on ground. Instead, colonists thought it was a good idea to promote disunity and disintegration by subjecting the natives to unjust and inhuman treatments. 

Internal bickering and power struggle became the order of the day. There were series of wars between the colonists and indigenes. This was a bitter start for Liberia! I think if two parties (both natives and settlers) were going to cordially cultivate unity from the very beginning, our country would have been a better society. Regrettably, deep division characterized the formation of Africa’s first Independent nation.

From 1821 to 1847, Liberians were indirectly ruled by foreigners. From the Colonial to Commonwealth era, the determination of self-governance was invisible. The British and French also took advantage of a conflict-ridden settlement by encroaching on our land. Even though there was segregation, but delegates from various colonies were ready to embrace an independent status after two and the half decades of external control and threats. Their readiness was uncompromising!

A new and lone nation in Africa was finally given birth to at an official constitutional convention held in 1847. There were 12 delegates from Montserrado, Sinoe, and Grand Bassa Counties who subsequently adopted the declaration of independence and constitution on July 16, 1847.  At long last, on July 26, 1847, a young African American man from Virginia named Joseph Jenkins Roberts declared the colony of Liberia an Independent Republic. The Lonestar rose above Africa as an inspiration to other colonized territories. Our country became known worldwide from that moment. Many saw us as a symbol of hope and a shining star of democratic radiation in Africa. 

I am left to wonder why Long Peter, Sao Boso, and other native Kings didn’t participate in this crucial convention even though they were an integral part of the society.  It is left with you to answer this question. Despite the situation, there were unique promises made during Independence. Those promises are still loud in our ears and can never be forgotten. The promise of self-determination, security, freedom, peace, unity, equality, dignity, justice, and civil liberty were guaranteed in one voice by the founders and forefathers of this state.

After 167 years of existence, the question that seems too hard to answer in some quarters is “HAS OUR INDEPENDENCE MET ITS PROMISE?” I want to emphatically say NO! The promise of Liberia’s independence is still lingering in the wilderness of uncertainty.  After more than a century of political endurance, where is democratic inclusion – where is equality – where is economic freedom – where is Justice - where is unity – where is patriotism – where are all these good promises? The state remains at a standstill whenever self-seeking economic migrants excel to prominence. Our past and present as a nation clearly show the lack of political will to uphold and defend these fundamental promises of our independence.

The significance of preserving our sovereignty goes beyond everyone’s interest and imagination. Overtime, most citizens have lost appetite to celebrate Liberia’s birth anniversary simply because they believe that it is worthless to be happy in the midst of poverty and hardship. Independence Day is meant to revive national courage and restore broken hopes.  Independence renews good memories of economic, political, and social transformation. Independence means for everyone regardless of your status to have access to basic social services. It also means to equitably distribute national resources. Other countries around the world are eager to celebrate their independence because the promises of their independence are still in tight!

Recently, Americans happily observed their independence because the promises of America yesterday are still upheld today.  Due to the conducive political and economic environment existing in Ghana, there was a nationwide independence celebration on March 06 of this year.  I saw smiles on the faces of Ghanaians.  They had sufficient reasons to commemorate such a special day.  Their flag was high up in the sky projecting an emblem of a progressive and inclusive society.  How can Liberia boast of being 168 years old when most of its citizens are subjected to economic deprivation, marginalization, and destitution?  How can we brag of being the trendsetter of Independence in Africa, when our economy is at the verge of collapse?  Why aren’t we growing along with our age? This is a big shame to Africa’s first Independent Republic. Even though we have abundance of natural resources with a very small population, our country remains one of the poorest on earth. I refuse to accept that this sweet land of liberty is cursed!

The country’s greatest problem has been its leaders. Most politicians in Liberia careless to improve the living standard of ordinary people. They go extra mile to achieve their selfish political ambition and enrich themselves through ill-transparent practices. They lack integrity to protect the constitution which guarantees the inalienable rights of all citizens.

It is very unfortunate for our leaders today to forget the promise of self-determination. Patriots like Hilary Johnson and J. J. Roberts made sacrifices to secure the status of nationhood for Liberia.  The destiny of the oppressed majority is still imprisoned by members of the elite class. This country belongs to all Liberians; as such, divisiveness and class system must come to an end. The principle of egalitarianism is an unparalleled catalyst of national healing and reconciliation. Everyone must be given a fair chance to chart his/her own course politically, socially, and economically. Realities in the recent past and now suggest that our country has not aspired to the level of self-determination. What a promise betrayed! When our sitting President said in her first inaugural address that she looks forward to see Liberia becoming a success story of America, did the president really calculate the implications?  For me, that was an understatement. When the story is written about how America through Firestone has and continues to exploit Liberia and its people for 89 years now, I wonder what will the president say.  

The promise of Security, Peace, Equality and Freedom has been suppressed by elitists and imperialists. The society is still insecure. Without security, it is impossible to achieve economic growth and democratic sustainability. Due to poor security system, criminal rate is high on the increase. The rule of law is not taking root because some enforcers of the law are unaware about the law. The rights of impoverished citizens are mostly infringed upon by higher-ups. I thought the framers of our constitution said everyone regardless of your social status should have access to unlimited security and Justice. Regrettably, the ‘rich and powerful’ continue to enjoy maximum security and justice at the expense of ordinary peasants. With the draw-down exercise of UNMIL, our nation stands at serious security risk. I hope this government under Madam Sirleaf’s rule will mitigate this gap.

Though the objective of our founding fathers was to establish a country of peace and tranquility, but after 167 years, peace amongst Liberians is invisible. Peace cannot come when one group of people are being unfairly treated. Peace can only come when everybody has access to equal opportunities and privileges.

We fought war in this country due to dissatisfaction and discontent. We had no reason to kill each other for 15 years. Sadly, we had to thread the path of civil unrest because certain individuals felt they were more citizens than others. Certain individuals felt that the presidency was a family inheritance. As a result of this, greedy politicians took advantage of the situation by infiltrating the ignorance and gullibility of our people. 

 Today, the innocent blood of over 250,000 Liberians who were victimized by this senseless crisis is crying out for Justice. Our peace still remains fragile as the symptoms of displeasure and public discontent continue to undermine national reconciliation. Reconciliation is possible, but through sincerity, honesty, justice and transparency. We cannot be preaching reconciliation why corruption in public service is evident. We cannot be preaching peace when our hydrocarbon resources are abused. We cannot promote togetherness when our educational system is messy.  We cannot sing the song of freedom when our health sector is poor.  We cannot preach unity, when the gap of economic equality is very wide. If we are given the opportunity to freely and equally vote, we must also be given the opportunity to freely and equally share in our nation’s wealth.

We have achieved political freedom to some extent, but where is the economic freedom? Our current dilemma is more economical. Until we can fight to gain economic independence, our political situation will continue to shift downward. Liberia cannot get better when the hope and aspiration of our Independence are decaying. This country is far from getting better when our young sisters are sexually enslaved and trafficked by foreigners.  A just and equal society procreates peace and unity. The failure of politicians over the years to pledge their uncompromising loyalty and allegiance to Liberia has led to an uneven nation.

Noticeable indicators in Liberia have made most Liberians to lose taste about celebrating Liberia’s birth day. We know how they feel right now. We share in their sorrow, pain, and agony. We empathize with street children, widows, teachers, students, shoe-shine boys, wheelbarrow pushers, taxi-drivers, marketers, push-push riders, petit traders, car loaders, rock crushers, and all less-fortunate citizens who are in serious economic torment.   Don’t give up – Keep holding on! Change is on the way.

Why must Liberia be the 7th poorest country when its soil is blessed with abundant natural resources?  Liberia according to transparency international 2013 barometer report was rated as the most corrupt country along with Mongolia in the world.  Over 80% of Liberians live below the line of poverty, while 85% are unemployed. We have more than 16 billion direct foreign investments, but the living condition of our people is awkward. Why must we celebrate independence when 66 out of 68 concession agreements did not meet the minimum standard of the PPCC and PFM laws? Liberia’s inflation rate is 7.30% while import rate stands at $2.457 billion. I wonder where we stand with all these downward trends. There is nothing to celebrate because the hope of our independence is unseen in practical terms. We call on all Liberians to peacefully protest on July 26 by boycotting all national programs around the country. 168 years is enough to transform our condition. Join us to fight against nepotism, corruption, patronage, injustice, and inequality.

About The Author: Martin K. N. Kollie is a Liberian youth activist, student leader, an emerging economist, and a young writer.  He is currently a student at the University of Liberia reading Economics and a member of the Student Unification Party (SUP). He can be reached at: martinkerkula1989@yahoo.com

Samuel Garson
Well written,I support you in this cause. With 168 years of nonsense,there is nothing to celebrate on 7/26/15. Why Liberia must be the 7th poorest country? one main reason is corruption. corruption starts from ministers/managers to office boys. Our next president should be someone who is going to fight against Cancer ( corruption ). Our present leader said it, but she did otherwise. At present, there is no political parties that can stop this corruption in Liberia.
Samuel Garson at 03:19PM, 2015/07/15.
Nyekan Eboko
You account of "Liberia history is grossly inaccurate" as with many. Your failure to acknowledge the grain coast/kru coast territory which became Liberia (after the common wealth of Liberia) is why we Liberians are fundamentally lost as we don't know where we coming from therefore cannot know where we want to go. You might want to also research the charter signed by both France and Britain giving the free slaves use of the land as requested by America for the ACL in short the natives/indigenous were chattel in the charter. Going forward I do get your point of your commentary. And would like to add if I might we need not to protest the 26th but rather question its validity in terms of who did we become independent from? Is it not more accurate to have a Republic day if its the 26th the common wealth became a Republic? As when one declares independence that means one was formally not independent and there lies our dilemma (who did we gain independence from). Likewise we will never get anywhere collectively when the country's motto is an apartheid mantra "Love of Liberty brought us here" whereas it met my forefathers and foremothers of the kru coast holding ground!!!

Good point again but you need to do more research and expand the dialogue to strengthen the case you want to make.
Nyekan Eboko at 04:59PM, 2015/07/15.
sylvester krah
My profound thanks and gratitude to one of Liberia's prolific writers comrade martin kollie for such a heart touching and reality narrative article.

Iam very disappointed in one of the readers above(nyean eboko)who said that martin account of the Liberian history is grossly inaccurate. By a writer not using your specific choice of words does not in any way suggest his writings to inaccuracy.

Well eboko inability to clearly state those major contradiction has render his argument irrelevant.

This is where i have serious problem with the young folks, our inability to read a significant document meticulously and identified the substance but always after trivial points so as to denigrate and discredit the hard working efforts of credible personalities.

we are awaiting for eboko two paragraphs of accurate Liberian history.

The core of comrade martin discussion is not about the accuracy of Liberia history but rather the inability of our leaders to constitutionally perform over the periods.

I tend to strongly agree with my bro because the major problem of our nation has always been associated with the kind of leadership we have.

Until our leaders can stop being self seekers this nation will have nothing to show on every independence day.
Until government can identified the appropriate economic proprieties there will be no substantive investment in human development and infrastructures.

Until government can transcend the attitude of making mere boost of huge budgetary figures and concentrate on the economic realities of its people we will have no reason of celebrating independence.

Independence day must provide national government the opportunity to count on its progress over the periods. so what will this government recount?

Peaceful protest is a constitutional requirement.

I sincerely support the concept of a peaceful protest because this will help to translate or showcase our high level of dissatisfaction of our national leaders to the world.

can you imagine with the all of the abundance resources our nation is bless with, yet Liberia is consistently leading the group of countries with very poor economic status.
I hope government is taking note to act decisively.


let me quickly extend my profound thanks to my distinguish and prolific writer matin

sylvester krah at 06:53AM, 2015/07/16.
Nyekan Eboko
Mr Krah

I'm not the one writing hence I pointed out 2 issues namely Martin not making mention of the grain coast/kru coast or the charter signed by France and Britian. Do you want me to write for him likewise the significance of both greatly influence his argument or case. That said I fully comprehend his point and only suggest more research to expand the narrative so to say.
Nyekan Eboko at 02:34AM, 2015/07/18.

1. Only a few of the Tribes welcomed the settlers with "olive branches".

2. At independence the country "Liberia" was limited to the Americo-Liberian settlements on the coast because they were socially and culturally "connected". Likewise the indigenous people remained in their various traditional tribal communities for the same reason. Wide spread assimilation did not take place until the Liberian Government decided to claim tribal territories as a protectorate due to European colonial expansion. Assimilation was difficult due to political/cultural differences and economic constraints. Merging several large tribes into one small foreign and unfamiliar society is not an easy task.

3. The Kru were in league with Europeans and fought to maintain slave trading.
"In the region which is now called Liberia the (slave) trade thus contributed to the impoverishment of and the hostilities between tribes. Up till the present day the inter-tribal relations are affected by the events of this period. The Golas, Krus, Kpelles and Kissis were notorious slave traders conniving with unscrupulous Europeans who looted the coastal areas. Besides this, the northern tribes of the Mano and the Gio were feared because of their cannibalism, a practice which was also not uncommon among the Greboes and the Krus." - http://www.liberiapastandpresent.org/Peppercoastbefore1822.htm

4. "The Love of Liberty Brought Us Here" is simply a tribute to the historic and unique nature of the Nation's genesis. The U.S. motto is "In God (Christian God) we Trust" but the American people are a diverse mixture of religions and cultures. It is simply a tribute to the founders of the nation who were all Christian men.

CK at 10:28AM, 2015/07/20.
Nyekan Eboko
Dear CK,
Before the free slaves ever reached the shores of west africa the Frnch and British were well established and West Africa had been documented prior by Portuguese and Dutch sailors giving different points there names "Gold Coast, Ivory Coast, Grain Coast, Kru Coast etc". By not acknowledging the Charter signed by the free slaves with the French and British under the ACS which was backed by America. We continually fail to acknowledge the people of the land were considered chattel as stated in writing. Therefore the love of liberty was solely a mantra as they knew the British and French still had slavery going and were in fact telling them you are responsible for those native and we will not get involved with them as ACS was to have no slavery as requested by America. Kru and numerous other tribes were slave trader no doubt as they werw all part of the Mali empire by mentioning this fact we then know that Bassa people who governed the Grain Coast would have never sold land for smoke fish.

Genesis of Liberia's or people of the Grain/Kru coast problems is and will continue to be most start their history with the coming of the free slaves and their supposed accounts when there are records from French, British, Portugal, Dutch and of course Islamic scholars who have a completely different account.
Nyekan Eboko at 06:18AM, 2015/07/21.

A distinction needs to be made between the history of Liberia (the nation state) and pre Liberia history. One history does not take away from the other. The history of Liberia (the nation state) starts with the founding of the country by the settlers and it was their responsibility to document all accounts for posterity. Likewise it was and still is the responsibility of the people of each ethnic group to document their own histories. If either group(s) did or do not keep a record of their history who is to blame?
CK at 07:43AM, 2015/07/22.
Nyekan Eboko
So you believe the free slaves bought land for smoke fish? The Grain Coast was ruled by the Bassa with all tribes under that territory their subjects similar to Gold Coast and Ashanti. If we go by your take then Christopher Columbus found America even though there were native Americans living there with a thriving society (today they are actively working to correct the lies themselves). The genesis of my point is Liberia was setup as an apartheid government from the beginning and never for all hence "love 9f Liberty brought us here" the nation motto/mantra says it all the issus of independence then becomes who did they gain independence from and would Republic day not be better title for the 26th?

Nyekan Eboko at 12:50AM, 2015/07/23.


What do the history books and records of the people who sold the land say about it being sold for smoke fish? This is a form of exchange called bartering and its been done for thousands of years.

Please name the history book that says the Americo-Liberians discovered the land that would become Liberia.

Independence was gained from the ACS, the organization that governed the colony. You can gain independence from more than just a country you know...

Sorry but if you have no understand of what "apartheid" is then this discussion is useless.
CK at 09:37AM, 2015/07/23.
Too many of you have bought into the White Supremacist propaganda that intends to paint Africa's first independent Republic as a failure. There is a reason why both Haiti and Liberia and failed States today. Aside from being failed states ask yourself what else these nations have in common. As they say in Liberia "Shine your eyes!"
CK at 09:57AM, 2015/07/23.

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