Remembering Samuel Kanyon Doe


By Bai M. Gbala, Sr.

 


The Perspective
Atlanta, Georgia
November 21, 2015

                  



 
 
 
 
Samuel Kanyon Doe
21st President of Liberia

Foreword

“VP Zooms on Road, Agriculture”.
Vice President of Liberia, Excellency Joseph N. Boakai, Sr., former Managing Director of Liberia Produce Marketing Corporation (LPMC), Lofa County Branch, and former Minister of Agriculture, R. L., after a two-hour review conference with the current Minister of Finance & Development Planning, said that “government was (or is) finalizing plans for  major road work across the country (all-weather, safe, efficient & effective transport/communications system, nationwide) and revive the agriculture sector . . . Our biggest challenge is agriculture and roads”. Remembering or reminiscing SKD?

A Coup d’etat
Coups d’etat, military or civilian, is, by law, illegal unless successful. So was the Event of April 12, 1980. Though successful, the event was a national tragedy because it resulted in the loss of many lives and brought pain and sorrow to many-citizen families.

Regarding this Event, we wrote, elsewhere, “Let it be recalled, lest we forget, that these AFL men, all young, average age of twenty-something years, were trained in the rigorous, extremely regimented, military science and culture of ‘obey, obey, obey and duty-before-complaint’. Absent from their training were the required, democratic (political) notions of educated discourse – rational debate, compromise, disagree-to-agree, policy consensus, etc. Because of the absence of . . . socio-political culture and . . . leadership qualities, there were many mistakes, policy contradictions and confusion, given our, Liberian, socio-cultural, economic and political tradition, then prevailing”. However, we believe that the soldiers performed phenomenally well, in the light of the prevailing conditions.

Liberia’s Turbulent Past

The facts of the Nation’s past social, economic and political history were characterized by a painful systematic abuse of human, civil, and political rights; armed hostilities; culture of impunity, violence and public policy confusion and contradictions. For more than a century of the nation’s existence as an independent state, our founding fathers not only arrogated to themselves all political, economic and administrative power, tightly and rigidly centralized here in Monrovia, denied political participation to the indigenous peoples not only on the basis of ethnic/tribal, gender and socio-economic exclusion, but also refused to recognize their compatriots as full-fledged citizens, the overwhelming majority of the nation’s population for some 57 years, after political independence in 1847.

These conditions gave rise to the Event of April 12, 1980 (an accident of history) led by 17, non-commissioned officers of the Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL) under the command of young, M/Sergeant, Samuel Kanyon Doe.

Although tragic, but the Event was and is consistent with and in response to humankind’s enduring, historic quest for respect and dignity of the human person; for freedom, justice, equality of treatment, national unity and for recognition of the majority of the nation’s population as full-fledged, tax-paying citizens under the rule of law.

Samuel K. Doe was fiercely patriotic, dedicated and committed to the nation and people. Born in a village of parents who were illiterates and subsistence farmers, young “Sammie” saw and experienced the indignity of an unjust, single-party, single-group rule – forced, hard and unpaid labor, taxation without representation and periodic illegal “exactions/collections”, etc., to which his parents, relatives and others of the district were subjected.

Therefore, he became concerned and determined to “learn book” and be “quee” in order to lead and secure a better life for himself and his “people”. He joined the Armed Forces of Liberia, received excellent, military training and rose to the rank of Master Sergeant. Thereafter, he enrolled in and graduated from the Marcus Garvey Night School at the Military Post of the-then Barclay Training Center, Monrovia. He continued private study, even, after he became Head-of-State and later, President of the Nation, and becoming a self-taught, educated man.
Young Samuel Doe was intelligent and learned very fast the critical requirement of local, national and international issues - social, economic and political/diplomatic. He was courageous, firm, but fair and, as a soldier, Samuel Doe “died with his boots on”.

We are convinced that on average, the young soldiers performed extremely well, given the prevailing circumstances in which they found themselves. Here are the facts of our recent, political history preceding the Event:

And, most importantly, the civilian government of President Samuel Kanyon Doe, an intelligent, energetic, idealistic, highly patriotic and dedicated young man, extremely committed to the development of the nation, took some radical actions, examples:

Thus, some of the enduring contribution made by the “low-level, illiterate soldiers” to our country.


Author: Bai M. Gbala, Sr. can be reached at: gbala9@aol.com   

Garsuah Gborvlehn
BAI, is this a propaganda and PRO STUNT for corrupt Joseph Boakai's bid for presidency? If you truly meant to write remembering Samuel Kanyon Doe, you would have written this on May 6, and NOT AFTER HALF OF THE YEAR!

Don't you know a Joseph Boakai's presidency is simply a third term for Ellen and her children? Do not use a person to promote the very prople who destroyed him! Joseph Boakai needs to ens up in jail with his boss corrupt and very wicked Ellen who destroyed Liberia!
Garsuah Gborvlehn at 02:28PM, 2015/11/21.
Mary Nyenkan
Mr. Bai M. Gbala´s article clearly shows he Bai M. Gbala has become a PAID AGENT for the very Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Joseph Boakai´s rotten regime which he Bai Gbala has all along legitimately exposed and criticized in their misrule and loot of state funds.

And what is also very repulsive on the part of Mr. Gbala is that he would choose such stinking strategy of using his former boss Samuel Kanyon Doe to campaign for Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Joseph Boakai who both stole the Liberian people money from the Ministry of Finance and LPMC and the Ministry of Agriculture to purchase arms and wage war on the country while slaughtering hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians, pregnant mothers, and children!
Mary Nyenkan at 03:40AM, 2015/11/22.
MARCUS KARMON
BAI M. GBALA'S PIECE ON DOE IS GREAT BUT CHEAP AND MISLEADING. THE FACT IS SAMUEL DOE, SR. WAS ONE OF THE BEST PRESIDENTS OF LIBERIA OR IN LIBERIA'S HISTORY. HE HAD THE COUNTRY AT HEART MORE THAN THE CRIMINALS THAT CAMPAIGNED AGAINST HIS REGIME AROUND THE WORLD. SAMUEL K.DOE,SR'S NINE YEARS IN OFFICE ARE 100 MILLION TIMES BETTER THAN ELLEN JOHNSON-SIRLEAF'S CRIMINAL REGIME WHICH HAS BEEN IN POWER ALMOST 11 YEARS.

DOE'S MOTHER WAS KRAHN AND HIS FATHER WAS GREBO FROM LOWER GRAND GEDEH WHICH IS NOW RIVER GEE COUNTY. HE REFUSED TO RECOGNIZE HIS FATHER'S BACKGROUND BECAUSE HIS FATHER NEGLECTED HIS MOTHER WHEN SHE WAS PREGNANT WITH HIM IN FIRESTONE.

BAI SHOULD BE ASHAMED THAT HE AND OTHERS LIKE HIM CAUSED THE DESTRUCTION OF A GOOD MAN LIKE DOE. DOE WAS BETRAYED BY THE BEHAVIOR OF HIS MOTHER'S ETHNIC GROUP AND THE USELESS CRIMINAL POLITICIANS LIKE AMOS SAWYER, FAHNBULLEH LED BY THEIR MASTER CRIMINAL FRIEND WHO THEY NOW SERVE SUCCEEDED BECAUSE PEOPLE LIKE BAI GBALA GAVE THEM THE OPPORTUNITY.

HAD GRAY D. ALLISON, FLAH ZAHMATON, PATRICK MANIKON AND OTHERS NOT KILLED BY THE LIES OF FEW KRAHN PEOPLE AROUND DOE, HE WOULD PROBABLY STILL BE ALIVE. GRAY D. WOULD HAVE STOPPED ANY REBEL FROM DAY ONE.

THE KRAHN PEOPLE SOLD DOE. HENRY GLAY LED THAT PLOT. SO INSTEAD OF A KRAHN MAN LIKE BAI GBALA RUNNING AROUND SINGING PRAISES FOR THE SIRLEAF AND HER CROOK LIEUTENANTS, HE NEEDS TO SHUT HIS MOUTH UP.

BOAKAI IS A MATERIAL FOR PRESIDENT. HE HAS NOTHING TO OFFER LIBERIA.
MARCUS KARMON at 04:10PM, 2015/11/22.
Kandajaba Zoebohn Zoedjallah
And that is THE CRUX of the matter - Joseph Boakai IS NOT A PRESIDENTIAL MATERIAL. So, it is not surprising Ellen and her gang are furtively trying every dimension of propaganda to make Joseph Boakai appear as a presidential material when he can never be a presidential material. Realizing Joseph Boakai can not be trusted By the Liberian people after 12 years of being the DEPUTY THIEF IN CHIEF they are attempting to associate him with patriotism and development when a thief knows nothing about such values!
Kandajaba Zoebohn Zoedjallah at 04:03AM, 2015/11/23.
Amos Frank
But what was Bai Gbala thinking when he decided to fool himself thinking he is fooling the Liberian people He comes "talking" all the good things about Doe, but making sure such talks are preceded by an IMAGE-MAKING for a Boakai who had all along been Ellen´s key henchman in destroying the country and stealing from the country! Mr. Gbala, be honest with yourself; you now fully well it would be a stupidity on the part of the Liberian people to ever vote Boakai to the presidency after this man (Joseph N.Bokai) AND ELLEN had become overnight billionaires leaving our people in the worst of sufferings. If Ellen´s son Robert Sirleaf could rake over 2.5 bllion US Dollars, it is obvios Joseph Boakai went evn further than that! THESE PEOPLE ARE HEARTLESS!
Amos Frank at 02:43AM, 2015/11/26.
CK
"Coups d’etat, military or civilian, is, by law, illegal unless successful. So was the Event of April 12, 1980.""Illegal unless successful?"


The coup was a result of greedy politicians (charlatans) taking advantage of misguided youths (including Doe) by making them believe Liberia was much worse than it actually was. The coup was illegal PERIOD. It is for this very reason that they rewrote the Constitution. If they only amended the Constitution to adapt to changing times, as what was required by law and occurs in every other democratic nation, it would not have legitimized the Coup.
CK at 03:57AM, 2015/11/26.
CK

P.S. Most, if not all, of those "contributions" the writer has listed were projects the Tolbert administration already had in the pipeline. So the writer's claims are just another case of stolen legacy.

CK wrote:
"Coups d’etat, military or civilian, is, by law, illegal unless successful. So was the Event of April 12, 1980.""Illegal unless successful?"


The coup was a result of greedy politicians (charlatans) taking advantage of misguided youths (including Doe) by making them believe Liberia was much worse than it actually was. The coup was illegal PERIOD. It is for this very reason that they rewrote the Constitution. If they only amended the Constitution to adapt to changing times, as what was required by law and occurs in every other democratic nation, it would not have legitimized the Coup.

CK at 04:01AM, 2015/11/26.
CK

Constitutional Amendment:
The means by which an alteration to the U.S. Constitution, whether a modification, deletion, or addition, is accomplished.

Source: http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Constitutional+Amendment

A constitutional amendment refers to the modification of the Constitution of a nation or state. In many jurisdictions the text of the constitution itself is altered; in others the text is not changed, but the amendments change its effect. The method of modification is typically written into the Constitution itself.

Most constitutions require that amendments cannot be enacted unless they have passed a special procedure that is more stringent than that required of ordinary legislation. Examples of such special procedures include supermajorities in the legislature, or direct approval by the electorate in a referendum, or even a combination of two or more different special procedures. A referendum to amend the constitution may also be triggered in some jurisdictions by popular initiative.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitutional_amendment
CK at 04:13AM, 2015/11/26.
Garsuah Gborvlehn
CK, according to Article 1 Section 1 of the Liberian Constitution THE COUP WAS LEGAL, LEGITIMATE, AND CONSTITUTIONAL! For the policies and practices of the TWP TYRANNY VIOLATED THE CONSTITUTION AND THE CONSTITUTIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE- ESPECIALLY THE 98 % INDIGENOUS - THE MAJORITY!
Garsuah Gborvlehn at 06:24AM, 2015/11/26.
CK

1. No it wasn't. The people did not overthrow the Government the military overthrew the Government. Huge difference! Why? The military is part of the Government. It is a very simple concept. A military overthrow of a Constitutional Government is called treason and it is illegal and unconstitutional. If a "legitimate" civilian movement overthrew the Government there would have been no reason to suspend and re write the Constitution.

2. Furthermore if the Coup was legal and legitimate explain why they had to re-write the Constitution to include this:

Article 97

a)

No executive, legislative, judicial or administrative action taken by the People’s Redemption Council or by any persons, whether military or civilian, in the name of that Council pursuant to any of its decrees shall be questioned in any proceedings whatsoever; and, accordingly, it shall not be lawful for any court or other tribunal to make any order or grant any remedy or relief in respect or any such act.

b)

No court or other tribunal shall entertain any action whatsoever instituted against the Government of Liberia, whether before or after the coming into force of this Constitution or against any person or persons who assisted in any manner whatsoever in bringing about the change of Government of Liberia on the 12th day of April, 1980, in respect of any act or commission relating to or consequent upon:

(i)

The overthrow of the government in power in Liberia before the establishment of the government of the People’s Redemption Council;

(ii)

The suspension of the Constitution of Liberia of July 26, 1847;

(iii)

The establishment, functioning and other organs established by the People’s Redemption Council;

(iv)

The imposition of any penalties, including the death penalty, or the confiscation of any property by or under the authority of the People’s Redemption Council under a decree made by the Council in pursuance of but not limited to the measures undertaken by the Council to punish persons guilty of crimes and malpractices to the detriment of the Liberian nation, the people, the economy, or the public interest; and

(v)
The establishment of this Constitution.



3. Based on your logic Doe's overthrow was also legitimate correct?

Proof of the illegitimate, illegal and unconstitutional overthrow of Tolbert's Government is written in stone for all the world and posterity to see!

Garsuah Gborvlehn wrote:
CK, according to Article 1 Section 1 of the Liberian Constitution THE COUP WAS LEGAL, LEGITIMATE, AND CONSTITUTIONAL! For the policies and practices of the TWP TYRANNY VIOLATED THE CONSTITUTION AND THE CONSTITUTIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE- ESPECIALLY THE 98 % INDIGENOUS - THE MAJORITY!
CK at 07:09AM, 2015/11/26.

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