“From Mess to Best” Education Reform Policy: Is Minister George K. Werner a Reformist or Deformist? – Part I

By Martin K. N. Kollie

The Perspective
Atlanta, Georgia

September 19, 2016


George K. Werner
Minister of Education

The dilemma of selecting wrong mechanics
Liberia in this age of globalization and modernity is wedged in a web of dilemma due to array of factors. With all of what this country has in terms of natural wealth, it remains a symbol of poverty and illiteracy in Africa, even though it was once seen as the Pride of Africa. Notable among those factors responsible for Liberia’s slow-paced development yesteryear and even now are, but not limited to:

  1. Engendering unrealistic, unscientific and overly-ambitious public policies without broad-based consultation and inclusive participation.
  2. Selecting the wrong mechanics or technicians to effectively drive public policies and get the job done (poor implementation of policies, misplacement of presidential appointees, etc.)
  3. Political compensation, patronage, nepotism, greed and corruption.

The failure of the Unity Party led government can be predominantly attributed to these relapsing factors. Even though the UP-led government has received so much in local and foreign support, but it has done very little due to its inability to set achievable targets/priorities, position the right people at the right place, and do away with political compensation.

For almost 12 years (more than a decade), most of the policies that have been driven by the Unity Party led government are yet to produce any concrete result(s). The Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS), which I consider as the Poverty Replicating Strategy (PRS), was a product of failure. The Agenda for Transformation (AfT) is still far from meeting its goals. Hence, Vision 2030 is just another mere bluff that is being beleaguered by overly-ambitious goals!!

However, I intend to principally focus my thoughts on Liberia’s paralyzed educational sector which is significantly characterized by an unrealistic and unscientific ‘education reform policy’ under Minister George K. Werner. Undoubtedly, Minister Werner did some good job as Director of the Civil Service Agency (CSA) due to his experience and qualification in Social Work. We commend him for that!!


In May 2015, Minister George Werner was appointed by President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf and confirmed by the Liberian Senate as Minister of Education. Upon his preferment, there was widening skepticism from trained educators about his ability to transform Liberia’s messy educational sector. This skepticism grew even more due to his low credential particularly in Education. Besides other credentials, Werner holds only one Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree in General Education and Religious Studies from Marist College in Nairobi, Kenya. Imagine for a moment a Minister of Education holding only one ‘BA degree’ in Education from a college, and not even a University!

The first approach taken by Minister Werner to unilaterally engineer a 4G ‘education reform’ policy made many to believe that he was on an expedition to even worsen the existing mess in the educational sector. After almost 1 year 4 months, the inability of Werner as Chief of Education is undeniably glaring. The fact is that Werner is unable to get the job done due to incompetence and minimum qualification.

Anyway, the functions of a Director at the Civil Service Agency (CSA) and a Minister at the Ministry of Education (MoE) vary. This speaks to the fact that Social Work and Education are two distinct fields with dissimilar mechanics, tactics and techniques. Was Minister Werner really a better choice to aggressively overhaul Liberia’s messy educational system? Can he find cure to this pandemic? Emphatically, we say no!! But again, the Liberian Senate is mostly at fault for not satisfactorily screening political appointees, of which Werner is of no exception.

Representative Henry Fahnbulleh of District #3 was absolutely correct when he said “The job is too big for Werner.” The entire administration of Minister Werner has been characterized by serious controversies and contradictions. Werner is popularly known nowadays for creating floorshow through rhetoric. He is now entrapped in a cage of confusion as a result of his limited expertise in education.

Even while drowning, he seems too pompous to consult and ask for rescue simply because he has been parading as a self-proclaimed reformist who has all the answers. As he masquerades in pretense, his options or ideas to improve the quality of education in Liberia remain barren. This is what happens when the spoils system triumphs and the merit system fails. Let’s now deal with the substantives of his cosmetic ‘reform’ agenda.

The Unedited Rhetoric

Liberia has been severely victimized for decades by unedited rhetoric proffered by counterfeit reformists. Such is the case again with Liberia and Werner’s unedited rhetoric (From Mess to Best Policy). What has Werner changed to best since his ascendancy? Is the system better now than before? The WAEC and Secondary School results this year (2016) prove that Werner’s policy is nothing more than an unedited rhetoric.

The most horrible WAEC result since 2013 came under Werner’s reign. 22,671 out of 46,927 students failed WAEC this year (48.46 percent failure). WAEC could not even be held as planned (May 2016). There was also mass failure in high schools across Liberia mostly due to the poor quality of education. It can be recalled that Minister Werner unilaterally cancelled WAEC in 2015 for students in 9th and 12th Grades as part of his plan to properly overhaul the mess. But it is evident that his plan, which I describe as an unedited rhetoric, could not find any concrete solution to the mess.

Against expert opinions of educational stakeholders, Minister George Werner changed the academic calendar and prematurely closed all schools without broad-based consultation and coordination. He was also determined to unduly cancer the promotion of students during the 2014/2015 academic school year, but this attempt was resisted this time around. Surely, Werner was embarking on a journey to nowhere.

One of those seasoned educators who kept reminding Werner that he was proceeding wrongly is Liberia’s longest-serving Principal, Rev. Dr. Leo Sampson of Haywood Mission. Probably, Werner thought that reform was a hasty or magical process. Too soon he had forgotten about the full cycle of public policy. His failure to build consensus, consult, coordinate and collaborate from the onset has exposed his limitations.

According to Werner’s plan, before the reopening of school in September 2015, the Ministry of Education would had distributed 1 million textbooks to public schools for students from Grade 5-9 in the four core subjects (Math, Science, Social Studies & English), 1.3 million supplementary readers for students from Grade 1-4, provide instructional materials (atlases, globes, maps and magnets), and train thousands of teacher, school administrators and PTA members, etc. Unfortunately, most of these targets were never met before the reopening of school. Even up to now, we are yet to know the actual facts.

Even though MoE has informed the public that it has distributed textbooks in various categories, conducted series of training, and distributed instructional materials, but these information are yet to be proven through pictorial evidence. How accurate are those statistics, because we rarely see those books and instructional materials with students and teachers? Where have they gone so soon? Even if there were books distributed, teachers trained, and instructional materials provided, it seems like these projects have made little or no impact in terms of overhauling the mess. The mass failure in WAEC and Secondary Schools remains a strong justification to rely on.

Where are the 500 public schools Minister Werner promised to renovate and construct? Where are the science clubs and laboratories? Does rural Liberia have sufficient science and math teachers now? Is the management system of public schools in Liberia more efficient and effective after spending more than US$2.00 million? Where are the libraries, reading rooms, furniture (desks, tables, chairs, etc.) and teacher lounges in public schools? Even in Montserrado, there are hundreds of public schools lacking these basic academic facilities. Least to mention rural communities.

Has MoE decentralized education and school governance? Is MoE on the path to getting the Biometric ID card to monitor the attendance of teachers? Has MoE cleaned its payroll from ghost names as promised? Does MoE have strong Monitoring & Evaluation mechanism in place now? To what extent have unqualified teachers been booted out of the classrooms? Is Werner really meeting up with public expectation in accordance with his purported policy? I am asking all of these questions because these were overly-ambitious promises made by Minister Werner. The ‘successes’ of his ‘master-plan’ after 16 months are vague and hard to detect.

Now we know that the ‘mess to best’ education reform policy is just another mere bluff meant to falsely impress Liberians and foreign partners. Now we know that Werner has been playing politics with the future of this country. Now we know that Werner’s policy was never based on scientific judgment and expert forecast. Now we know that leaving from mess to best is not about making superb PowerPoint presentations and speeches. It goes beyond this stratum. Now we know that the failure of Werner is also hinged to his refusal to consult national stakeholders such as the NTA, NPTA, MCSSTA, NPA, CSOs, National Legislature, Student groupings, etc. However, this too is Liberia!!
A Glance at Bridge International Academies
Before dealing with the issue of Bridge International Academies, it is important that the public gets to know that the provision of public education, especially primary education is a core function of the State according to international protocols and the Constitution of Liberia. By privatizing or commercializing public primary education to a profit-making entity like Bridge International Academies speaks to the fact that the government has neglected its moral obligation and constitutional responsibility, which is in blatant violation of children’s right to free and compulsory education.

From the inception of this Public Private Partnership, a United Nations expert on Education, Mr. Kishore Singh warned Liberia not to proceed in such manner. The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to education, who is also a professor of International law, said “It is completely unacceptable for Liberia to outsource its primary education system to a private company. Education is an essential public service.”

“It is ironic that Liberia does not have resources to meet its core obligations to provide a free primary education to every child, but it can find huge sums of money to subcontract a private company to do so on its behalf. Public schools and their teachers, and the concept of education as a public good, are under attack,” the UN expert said. Mr. Singh also called on the Government of Liberia to approach the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for technical assistance and capacity building, instead of entering into such partnership with a profit-making provider in education, “devoid of any legal or moral justification.” With all of these, Werner still could not listen, but rather chose to hurriedly seal this deal.

Against expert advice, Minister Werner has again outsourced pubic primary education to Bridge International Academies (BIA). This Public Private Partnership proves that the government lacks the passion, ability and innovation to improve the system of primary education in Liberia after almost 12 years. Looking beyond this weird approach of contracting a business firm to operate primary schools, it seems like this spree is intended for free chopping (banjo) as usual, because the rationale behind this PPP is too feeble. It is good to understand also that Bridge International Academies (BIA) is underperforming in Eastern Africa according to confirmed reports.

Why is our government paying Bridge International Academies a whopping US$11.4 million to run a pilot of 70 schools in a period of one (1) year when there are thousands of schools in ruin? What sense does it make for our government to give BIA an estimated US$65 million in 5 years in order to privatize public primary education? Why couldn’t the government divert this US$11.4 million to build high-tech libraries, science laboratories, reading rooms, computer labs and teacher lounges across public schools?

Instead of spending US$65 million in 5 years to cater for just few schools, it is essential that the government train more teachers, build more primary schools, strengthen the system of monitoring and evaluation, employ more qualified teachers and school administrators, construct regional teacher colleges, etc.

Furthermore, I am still finding it difficult to understand why Werner had to turn to East Africa for a model to overhaul the mess, even though there are better models in West Africa. Ghana, Ivory Coast and Nigeria are far ahead of Liberia without privatize or making business with public primary education. Werner and his team actually need to ask for the secret and stop pretending like they are working.
Cleaning the educational mess in Liberia will take a long time or remain impossible, especially with an incompetent Minister of Education like George K. Werner. Truly, Werner is a fake reformist and impressionist while his “mess to best” policy is nothing more than an unedited rhetoric.
Werner is nothing more than a 419 reformist who has got no genuine vision and innovation to overhaul Liberia’s messy educational sector. He is nothing more than a deformist. It would have been a serious disaster if Werner had been confirmed as Minister of Health & Social Welfare. Reform is not about plenty talking and facebooking. Instead of cleaning the mess, Werner is increasing the mess to dirt. 

From the largest slum of West Point and the top of Ducor, I see a new Liberia rising above the African Continent.

Author's Statement: Martin K. N. Kollie is a global columnist, an emerging economist, and a Liberian youth and student activist who hails from Bong county, central Liberia. He currently reads Economics with distinction at the University of Liberia and has written hundreds of articles. Martin is a stalwart of the Student Unification Party (SUP) and he can be reached at martinkerkula1989@yahoo.com

martin scott
Mr. Global Columnist and emerging economist, you say that "government has neglected its moral obligation and constitutional responsibility, which is in blatant violation of children’s right to free and compulsory education.".....

Oh really? Hey, where can I find "children's right to free and compulsory education" in the Liberian Constitution??? Which article and section"

Also, if the government doesn't provide "free and compulsory education" to my child, can I sue the Liberian government for violating my child's right to "free and compulsory education"??

I await your response with pregnant anticipation, because I have a lot of outside children who can benefit from Liberia's "free and compulsory education"

martin scott at 11:25PM, 2016/09/19.
sylvester moses
In support of Mr. Kollie’s take, we want to note that on December 3, 1948 the UN Declaration of Human Rights held that “everyone has the right to education”, and the goal went beyond preparation for employment to the “full development of the human personality”. More specifically, though, Chapter 11, Article 5 (General Principles of National Policy) of the 1986 constitution of Liberia unambiguously asserts:

“The Republic shall, because of the vital role assigned to the individual citizen under this constitution for the social, economic, and political wellbeing of Liberia, provide equal access to educational opportunities and facilities for all citizens to the extent of available resources. Emphasis shall be placed on the mass education of the Liberian people”.

Self – evident in both documents is the fact that education is guaranteed as a “right”. Of course, suffering Liberian parents can’t sue for it just like they didn’t for all governments’ failure to provide effective public safety, or equal protection of the law.

But a country whose founding fathers were denied education and opportunities in the ante – bellum South, and for a country governed by an elite (comprised of few) who educated their children abroad on government scholarships in the late 1970’s and so on, it is absurd to quibble about whether education in public schools is a right, or not. Perhaps, when EJS reportedly promised “free and compulsory primary school education”, she was thinking of this last sentence of Article 5 “Emphasis shall be placed on the mass education of the Liberian people”.

Anyway, seemingly, some prefer the same old, same old way a la “climb the ladder, and pull it up to perpetuate kids, kin, and kind atop the socio - economic - political mountain. That is surely the beaten path to confusion, conflict and chaos, a déjà vu. Simply put, educating cost - free the children of those we’ve failed to find jobs for isn’t a waste, rather it is an investment on progress and peace.

Lest we forget, thanks Mr. Martin K. Kollie for yet another well – researched, well – reasoned, and well – written contribution to a very relevant topic. These discussions must continue until solutions are found. Remember Frederick Douglas’s 1857 New York speech on the theme “If There Is No Struggle, There Is No Progress”.

Do, don’t be discouraged by detractors.

sylvester moses at 08:14PM, 2016/09/20.
martin scott
First of all, the UN Declaration of Human Right is NOT the Liberian Constitution. The issue (question) here is the "violation of children’s right to free and compulsory education" under the Liberian Constitution, not under the UN Declaration of Human Rights.

Sticking to, and addressing the issue, will help both sides focus and understand our different points of the issue.

Second, you say it's "Self – evident in both documents is the fact that education is guaranteed as a “right". But let's stick to the Liberian Constitution (Article 6, not 5, as you mention), because that's the issue here.

Question: How did you come to the conclusion that the words in Article 6 of the Liberian Constitution are "self-evident" that: "education is guaranteed as a “right"?? Is there any word or words in Article 6 that give any Liberian child a legal claim to "free and compulsory education? Do you have a new definition of the word "right"? Please enlighten me.

By the way, can you just stick to the issues? I'm trying hard not to drift into irrelevant territory or name calling or unhelpful personal attacks. I've to suppress the laughter here.
martin scott at 11:51PM, 2016/09/20.
Martin K. N. Kollie
I just read your zigzag thoughts, Martin Scott.

Without any intent to brag, I am proud to be preferred as one of the 26 global columnists by ‘The African Exponent’, a leading pan-African media platform across Africa and the World. I am also reading Economics with distinction at the University of Liberia. So, you are absolutely right to lay emphasis on these titles, Martin Scott.

Even though Big Brother Sylvester Moses provided enough tutorial, but you (Martin Scott) remain adamant to accepting these undiluted realities. However, let me deal with your ill-researched inquiries, because it seems like your understanding of the Law is too narrow.

Firstly, you can find children’s right to free and compulsory primary education in the 2012 Liberia’s Children Law, which is an extension of the Liberian Constitution.

Section 9.2 of Liberia’s Children Law states that “The Government of Liberia shall ensure that primary level education is free and compulsory in line with the Education Law.” Since all of the laws cannot fit in the Constitution, Section 9.2 of the Liberia’s Children Law is an extension of Article 6. It is implicit!

Furthermore the provision of Education is a core function of the State which is enshrined in Article 6 of the Liberian Constitution. The government is under moral and constitutional obligation to provide education for its citizens.

Secondly, yes, you can sue the Liberian government for its failure to provide free and compulsory primary education for your child and/or children. The refusal of GoL to provide free and compulsory primary education is in violation of the following Laws:

1. Section 9 and 9.1 of the 2012 Children Law of Liberia (free and compulsory primary education)

2. Article 26 of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights (free primary education)

3. Article 28(b) of the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child (free and compulsory primary education)

4. Article 11 Section 3(a) of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (free and compulsory primary education)

Upon official request, I could send you soft and hard copies of these laws. Since Liberia is a signatory to all of these international legal instruments, yes, you can sue the government for its refusal to provide free and compulsory primary education for your child and/or children.

Additionally, do you know that the right to education is a universal entitlement? Do you know that education is a human right? The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, of which Liberia is a signatory, guarantees free and compulsory primary education for all.

Big Brother Moses, nobody can discourage or distract me, not even Scott. I guess Martin Scott wouldn’t inquire in such an elementary manner again.
Martin K. N. Kollie at 05:54AM, 2016/09/21.
sylvester mose
It suffices to say a fact is a verifiable statement that something is true, or something happened. And, especially for kids, education is a “right” - that's a fact. Frankly, for this fellow, Sylvester, to belabor that point wouldn’t be a fruitful undertaking today.

sylvester mose at 06:40AM, 2016/09/21.
martin scott
Mr. Global Columnist and emerging economist, thanks for answering my questions. Honestly, I had no clue that Liberian politicians had passed a law (Children's Law of 2011) giving children gifts, oops, I mean, "rights" to free education, free food, adequate clothing, etc.

Hey, I feel cheated that I didn't have those "rights" when I was growing up in West Point. Man, I would've sued or called for criminal sanctions against the Liberian government for violating my "right" to free education, free food, adequate housing and clothing, etc.


Because my mother had to work 2 jobs to send her children to Catholic Schools. Sometimes, we went to bed hungry because my mother didn't have the means!

I used to walk to school every day (rain or sun shine). I remember putting a folded piece of cardboard in my shoe to cover the hole in the bottom of my shoes! My parents were too poor to buy new shoes for me!

But that was then. Now, we have all these creeps (parents) who keep spawning thousand and thousand of children that they cannot feed, clothe, or educate, simultaneously condemning the rest of us to live with these children, many of whom will inevitably grow up to be semi-illiterate because of the government education they received.

It's a national disgrace to pass a Law (Children's Law) that gives financially irresponsible parents a free pass and put the taxpayers on the hook.

By the way, I'm all for "free" and compulsory primary education with two caveats: Abolish the Ministry of Education altogether and give that money (school voucher or opportunity scholarship) to parents to allow them to send their children to a school of their choice.

martin scott at 07:45AM, 2016/09/22.
Martin K. N. Kollie
Thank you Martin Scott for your consent to those realities I provided. At least your inquiries have been adequately addressed by the Global Columnist and emerging Economist.
Martin K. N. Kollie at 04:43AM, 2016/09/23.

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